History of Russian Philosophy
The course is designed to advance the students’ knowledge and understanding of the principal theories, schools and figures of Russian philosophy. The course covers the period from the 1830s till the present time and is subdivided into three parts: (1) Russian philosophy in the 19th century; (2) Russian ‘Silver Age’ philosophy (the 1900s and 1910s); (3) Russian post-October philosophy (including émigré philosophy). The audience is expected to have the basic knowledge of classical and contemporary Western philosophy.
Part One. Russian Philosophy in the 19th Century: (1) The Origin and Birth of Russian Philosophy (Chaadayev); (2) Early Slavophiles (Kireyevsky, Khomyakov, Aksakov, Samarin); (3) Westernizers (Belinsky, Herzen, Bakunin, Kavelin); (4) Materialists and Positivists (Chernyshevsky, Lavrov); (5) Religious Philosophy of Russian Writers (Dostoyevsky, Leo Tolstoy); (6) Late Slavophiles (Danilevsky, Leontyev); (7) Russian Idealism (Yurkevich, Chicherin, Kozlov); (8) The Philosophy of Vladimir Solovyov: Theory of Knowledge and Ontology of Total Unity; (9) The Philosophy of Vladimir Solovyov: Sophiology, Historiosophy, Ethics.
Part Two. Russian ‘Silver Age’ Philosophy: (10) The Philosophers of Solovyov’s Circle (Lopatin, Sergey Trubetskoy, Evgeny Trubetskoy); (11) Russian Marxism (Plekhanov, Lenin); (12) Religious and Philosophical Revival (Rozanov, Merezhkovsky, Vyacheslav Ivanov, Andrey Bely; authors of Vekhi); (13) Russian Existentialism (Shestov, Berdyayev); (14) Sophiology (Bulgakov, Florensky); (15) Russian Intuitivism (Lossky, Frank); (16) Russian Cosmism (Fyodorov, Tsiolkovsky, Vernadsky, Gorsky).
Part Three. Russian
post-October Philosophy: (17) Russian Émigré Philosophy (Nikolay Trubetskoy, Karsavin, Ilyin);
(18) Non-Marxist Philosophy in the
The principal textbooks
Instructor: Nikolai Biryukov, PhD